Generic items

These are the things that don’t quite fit into other groupings.

Inline Markup

One of the nice things about markup languages is the ability to have inline markup. This makes the presentation much nicer. The bold text shouldn’t be too overbearing. It is very common to have inline code as well. It is important to ensure that the inline code doesn’t have a line height that is greater than the regular prose; otherwise the spacing looks weird.

It is also possible to use explicit roles to do things like a subscript, a superscript, emphasis, strong, and literal.

Interpreted text

The default role for “interpreted text” (AKA single backticks) is Title Reference. There are other reference syntaxes as well: PEP 287 and RFC 2822.

If the --pep-references option was supplied, there should be a live link to PEP 258 here.

GUI labels

According to the RST demo, GUI labels (like this label) are a way to indicate that some action is to be taken by the user. Like inline code literals, GUI labels should not run over line height.

Keys / Menu labels

Key-bindings indicate that the read is to press a button on the keyboard or mouse, for example MMB, ++M and Shift-MMB. Another useful way is menuselection to show menus: My ‣ Software ‣ Some menu ‣ Some sub menu 1 ‣ Some sub menu 2 ‣ Some sub menu 3

For example, menuselection should break when it is too long to fit on a single line.

Long inline code wrapping

Let’s test wrapping and whitespace significance in inline literals: This is an example of --inline-literal --text, --including some-- strangely--hyphenated-words.  Adjust-the-width-of-your-browser-window to see how the text is wrapped.  -- ---- --------  Now note    the spacing    between the    words of    this sentence    (words should    be grouped    in pairs).


This is a test. Here is an equation: \(X_{0:5} = (X_0, X_1, X_2, X_3, X_4)\). Here is another:

(1)\[\nabla^2 f = \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left( r^2 \frac{\partial f}{\partial r} \right) + \frac{1}{r^2 \sin \theta} \frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta} \left( \sin \theta \, \frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta} \right) + \frac{1}{r^2 \sin^2\theta} \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial \phi^2}\]

You can add a link to equations like the one above (1) by using :eq:.




Here’s a reference to the above, [12] citation.

Here is another type of citation: citation


This paragraph is pointed to by the explicit “example” target. A reference can be found under Inline Markup, above. Inline hyperlink targets are also possible.

Section headers are implicit targets, referred to by name. See Targets.

Explicit external targets are interpolated into references such as “Python [4]”.

Targets may be indirect and anonymous. Thus this phrase may also refer to the Targets section.

Target Footnotes

Centered text

You can create a statement with centered text with .. centered::

This is centered text!


A rubric is like an informal heading that doesn’t correspond to the document’s structure.

Wikipedia says it is something different:

A rubric is a word or section of text that is traditionally written or printed in red ink for emphasis.

This is stylized as docutils tells us to stylize it, since it is used for footnote headers (see end of

This is a rubric